The Uniqueness of Managerial Competency Model in Indonesian Districts and Cities

Main Article Content

Ira Irawati MD. Enjat Munajat

Abstract

Managerial competency is a fascinating field to continue to develop and study until now. UNDP is still formulating the Competency Framework until 2030 (United Nations, 2018). The popularity of this field stems from the flexibility and dynamic nature of organizational practices that have been born due to global development. Managerial competencies have three components: conceptual skills, human resources skills, and technical skills. In Indonesia, city governments find it difficult to determine the right person based on managerial competence, so the wrong person is placed to occupy a strategic position. Therefore, this research wants to determine the right proportion of the three components of managerial competency and their indicators. That was the background of this study: analyzing the proportion of these skills by taking case studies in 2 regions in Indonesia, namely the Tasikmalaya Regency and Serang City. This study sought to find what managerial competency models apply in Indonesia, especially those represented by the two cities/regencies in Indonesia. This study used mixed methods: quantitative methods for distributing questionnaires to Echelon/ Class III and IV officials in the two cities and qualitative for expert group discussions to validate that would strengthen the analysis. The time needed for this research is about one year (around February 2019- August 2020). The contribution of this research shows that when an area uses an ideal competency managerial model, it is easier to achieve its vision and mission. The study results indicate that the Tasikmalaya Regency is quite good in its managerial competence selection process. It can be seen from the proportion of the three sets of dynamically dispersed managerial competencies compared to the ideal model, in contrast to Serang City, which is still far from ideal conditions. Serang City must improve its managerial competency model to make it more ideal. This is needed so that organizations can deal with changing times, which tend to be exponential to maximize performance achievements.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
IRAWATI, Ira; MUNAJAT, MD. Enjat. The Uniqueness of Managerial Competency Model in Indonesian Districts and Cities. Policy & Governance Review, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 3, p. 237-260, sep. 2023. ISSN 2580-4820. Available at: <https://journal.iapa.or.id/pgr/article/view/774>. Date accessed: 22 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.30589/pgr.v7i3.774.
Section
Articles

References

Abdulhasan, S. H., Hasan, M. H., & Hammoodi, K. A. (2020). Managerial competency and its reflection on achieving organisational excellence: An exploratory study in the Iraqi Ministry of higher education and scientific research at a departmental level. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 12(4).

af Malmborg, F., & Trondal, J. (2023). Discursive framing and organizational venues: mechanisms of artificial intelligence policy adoption. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 89(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/00208523211007533

Al Nahyan, M. T., Hawas, Y. E., Aljassmi, H., & M ar aqa, M . (2018). Capt uring t he stakeholders’ managerial competency risks of mega infrastructure projects: A fuzzy logic modelling approach. International Journal of Project Organisation and Management, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.1504/IJPOM.2018.092087

Alamer, K. S. (2021). An examination of early childhood teachers’ experiences and perceptions regarding evidence based practices used to improve functional communication skills of young children with autism spectrum disorder. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 82(4-A).

Andereggen, L., Andereggen, S., Bello, C., Urman, R. D., & Luedi, M. M. (2022). Technical skills in the operating room: Implications for perioperative leadership and patient outcomes. In Best Practice and Research: Clinical Anaesthesiology, 36(2). https://doi. org/10.1016/j.bpa.2022.05.002

Barney, J. B., & Wright, P. M. (1998). On becoming a strategic partner: The role of human resources in gaining competitive advantage. Human Resource Management, 37(1). https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-050X(199821)37:1<31::AID- HRM4>3.0.CO;2-W

Bennett, R., & Williams, B. (2022). Desirable non- technical skills for paramedicine: A Delphi study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, 19. https://doi.org/10.33151/ajp.19.855

Bhardwaj, A., & Punia, B. K. (2013). Managerial compet encies and their inf luence on managerial performance: A l iterature review introduction. International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences, 2(5).

Budjanovcanin, A ., & Guest, D. E. (2023). Understanding the unobserved influences on the careers of ethnic minority women: implications for human resource management. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 34(2). https://doi.or g/10.1080/09585192.2021.1969586

Caliendo, D. M. (2020). Building an algorithmic procedure for analyzing college and career readiness: A utilization model. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 81.

Chen, Y. C., Aguirre-Mendez, C., & Terada, T. (2020). Argumentative writing as a tool to develop conceptual and epistemic knowledge in a college chemistry course designed for non-science majors. International Journal of Science Education, 42(17). https://doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2020.1837990

Cheng, H., Fan, Y., & Lau, H. (2023). An integrative review on job burnout among teachers in China: Implications for Human Resource Management. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 34(3). https://doi.or g/10.1080/09585192.2022.2078991

Dai, B., & Liang, W. (2022). The Impact of Big Data Technical Skills on Novel Business Model Innovation Based on the Role of Resource Integration and Environmental Uncertainty. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(5). https:// doi.org/10.3390/su14052670

De Beeck, S. O., & Hondeghem, A. (2010). Managing Competencies in Government: State of the Art Practices and Issues at Stake for the Future. State of the Art Practices and Issues at Stake for the Future.

Dr. Iqbal Amin Khan, Ms. Hafsa Shayan, & Mr. Aurang Zeb. (2023). Analyzing the Managerial Skills of Heads of Teaching Departments at Public Sector Universities of Malakand Division. Sjesr, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.36902/sjesr- vol6-iss1-2023(24-30)

Fleischer, J., & Pruin, A. (2023). Organizational reputation in executive politics: Citizen-oriented units in the German federal bureaucracy. Int ernational Review of Administrative Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1177/00208523221132228

Franco, J. H. (2010). Teaching prelinguistic communication skills to school age children with autism. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities andSocial Sciences, 71(2-A).

Gaigher, E., Rogan, J. M., & Braun, M. W. H. (2007). Exploring the development of conceptual understanding through structured problem- solving in physics. International Journal of Science Education, 29(9). https://doi.org/10.1080/09500690600930972

Grack Nelson, A. L. (2017). Development and validation of a Survey to Measure Perceived Team Communicat ion Skills in Midde and High School STEM out-of-school time programs. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 80(December).

Guzzo, R. A., & Noonan, K. A. (1994). Human resource practices as communications and the psychological contract. Human Resource Management, 33(3). https://doi.org/10.1002/hrm.3930330311

Horton, S. (2010). Competency Management in the British Central Government. The International Journal of Public Sector Management, 13(1).

Houser, L. A. C. (2013). Perceptions of undergraduate students and faculty regarding the impact of electronic communication on the written- communication skills of undergraduate students. In Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 73(9), A(E)).

Iramaneerat, C. (2008). Avalidity study of a communication skills assessment of medical residents. In Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 68(12-A).

Ismail, S. S., Ramli, A., & Othman, S. (2022). M anagerial Competency and Business Performance: Enterpreneurial Orientation as a Mediator in Malaysian SMEs. Jurnal Pengurusan, 66. https://doi.org/10.17576/pengurusan-2022-66-12

Iwashita, H. (2023). Multilingual mediators in the shadows: a case study of a Japanese multinational corporation. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 34(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2021.1965008

Jaga, A., & Guetterman, T. C. (2023). The value of mixed methods work-family research for human resource management: a review and agenda. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 34(2). https://doi.or g/10.1080/09585192.2021.1964092

Katz, R. L. (1974). Excerpts from Skills of an effective administrator. Harvard Business Review, February 1955.

Katz, R. L. (2000). Skills Approach to Leadership. Skills of an Effective Administator, 13(1).

Kickert, W. J. M. (1997). Publicgovernance in the Netherlands: An alternative to Anglo-American “managerialism.” Public Administration, 75(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9299.00084

Klimas, P., Stańczyk, S., Sachpazidu, K., Stanimir, A., & Kuźmiński, Ł. (2023). The attr ibutes of inter -organiz ational relationships: Which fifteen of them really matter to software developers? Industrial Marketing Management, 110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2023.02.004

Krajcovicova, K., Caganova, D., & Cambal, M. (2012). Key managerial competencies and competency models in industrial enterprises. 23rd DAAAM International Symposium on Intelligent Manufacturing and Automation 2012, 2. https://doi.org/10.2507/23rd. daaam.proceedings.261

Liu, T., Shen, Y. X., Zhao, S., & Sekiguchi, T. (2023). Approaching or avoiding? Mechanisms of host-country language proficiency in affecting virtual work adaptivity during COVID-19. International Journal of Human Resource Management. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2023.2169075

Manxhari, M., Veliu, L., & Jashari, J. (2017). Developing Models of Managerial Competencies of Managers: a Review. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, V(4).

Maraouch, F. (2014). Managerial competencies and exemplary leadership in the lodging industry: An empirical study. In Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 74 (9-A(E)).

Maraqa, M., Al Nahyan, M. T., Hawas, Y. E., & Aljassmi, H. (2018). Capturing the stakeholders’ managerial competency risks of mega infrastructure projects: a fuzzy logic modelling approach. International Journal of Project Organisation and Management, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.1504/ijpom.2018.10013276

Mohd Bekri, R., Ruhizan, M. Y., Norazah, M. N., Faizal Amin Nur, Y., & Tajul Ashikin, H. (2013). Development of Malaysia Skills Certificate E-portfolio: A Conceptual Framework. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, 103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.340

Mokhtar, N., & Kadri, M. H. (2023). The Effect of Leverage and Managerial Skills on The Return of Shareholders in Malaysia’s Top 30 Listed Companies in Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences, 12(1). https:// doi.org/10.6007/ijarems/v12-i1/16119

Mostafa, A., Habib, H., Farzad, Q., & Nahid, J. (2012). Prioritizing managerial skills based on Katz’s theory in physical education offices of universities in Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal, 20(3). https://doi.org/10.5829/ idosi.wasj.2012.20.03.1169

Ogan-Bekiroğlu, F., & Arslan, A. (2014). Examination of the Effects of Model-based Inquiry on Students’ Outcomes: Scientific Process Skills and Conceptual Knowledge. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 141. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.05.202

Paarima, Y., Ansah Ofei, A. M., & Kwashie, A. A. (2020). Managerial competencies of nurse managers in Ghana. Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, 22(2). https://doi.org/10.25159/2520-5293/6969

Penagos Guzmán, F., & Hernández Castorena, O. (2023). Managerial Skills and Organizational Performance: Competitive Advantage. Mercadosy Negocios, 48. https://doi.org/10.32870/myn.vi48.7688

Peterson, T. O., & Van Fleet, D. D. (2004). The ongoing legacy of R.L. Katz: An updated typology of management skills. Management Decision, 42(10). https://doi.org/10.1108/00251740410568980

Qiao, J. X., & Wang, W. (2009). Managerial competencies for middle managers: Some empirical findings from China. Journal of European Industrial Training, 33(1) https://doi.org/10.1108/03090590910924388

Rao, T. V. (2007). Global Leadership and Managerial Competencies of Indian Managers. IIMA Research and Publications, 6(5).

Rauseo, S., Costanzo, L., & Baruch, Y. (2019). Deep Uncertainty Effects on Managerial Perceptions: The Case of UK Firms in the Context of Brexit. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2019(1). https://doi. org/10.5465/ambpp.2019.13804abstract

Razaghi, M. E. (2015). PRIORITIZING MANAGERIAL SKILLS BASED ON KATZ’S THEORY. https:// doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.4903.6960

Rhodes, A. L. (2018). Effects of a collaboratively developed peer mediated intervention on the social communication skills of students with complex communication needs in inclusive classroom settings. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 78(7-A(E)).

Robbins, S. P., De Cenzo, D. A., & Coulter, Mary. (2014). Fundamentals of Management Essential Concepts and Applications, Student Value Edition. Fundamentals of Management, 49(c).

Saleh, S. M., Zolait, A. H., Ali, M. M., & Wali, E. A. (2019). Investigating the role of information system quality and managerial competency on the organization’s performance. 2019 International Conference on Innovation and Intelligence for Informatics, Computing, and Technologies, 3ICT 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/3ICT.2019.8910283

Samra-Fredericks, D. (2000). An Analysis of the Behavioural Dynamics of Corporate Governance-A talk-based ethnography of a UK manufacturing “board-in-action.” Corporate Governance: An International Review, 8(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8683.00210

Savaneviciene, A., & Girdauskiene, L. (2021). How Much Immersive is Virtual Reality? Evidence from VR-Based Managerial Competency Assessment Tool Testing. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 267. https://doi. org/10.1007/978-3-030-80876-1_36

Schwarz, G., Newman, A., Yu, J., & Michaels, V. (2023). Psychological entitlement and organizational citizenship behaviors: the roles of employee involvement climate and affective organizational commitment. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 34(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2021.1962388

Sethi, D., Pereira, V., Chakraborty, T., & Arya, V. (2023). The impact of leader -member exchange, perceived organizational support, and readiness for change on job crafting behaviours in HRM in an emerging market. International Journal of Human Resource Management. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2023.2189021

Shirazi, A., & Mortazavi, S. (2009). Effective Management Performance A Competency- Based Perspective. International Review of Business Research Papers, 5(1).

Srikanth, P. B., & Jomon, M. G. (2015). Perception of managerial competency needs: An Indian perspective. South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2322093715599277

Stegehuis, X., von Raesfeld, A., & Nieuwenhuis, L. (2023). Inter-organizational tensions in servitization: A dialectic process model. Industrial Marketing Management, 109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2023.01.004

Strohmeier, S. (2020). Digital human resource management: A conceptual clarification. German Journal of Human Resource Management, 34(3). https://doi.org/10.1177/2397002220921131

Subramony, M. (2009). Ameta-analytic investigation of the relationship between HRM bundles and firm performance. Human Resource Management, 48(5). https://doi. org/10.1002/hrm.20315

Sullivan, T., & Bottomley, P. (1991). Managerial Pay and Company Performance: UK Electrical and Office Equipment Goods Industry. Employee Relations, 13(6). https://doi. org/10.1108/EUM0000000001029

Thanh, N. D., Hung, P. T., Hoang, N. M., & Anh, P. Q. (2021). A framework of leadership and managerial competency for preventive health managers in Vietnam. In International Journal of Healthcare Management, 14(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/20479700.2019.1664028

Troutman, D. I. (2020). Managing projects for more efficiency in the healthcare and payment industry: Determination of key characteristics and skills of successful project managers. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 81(6-A).

Tsendsuren, C., Yadav, P. L., Han, S. H., & Kim, H. (2021). Influence of product market competition and managerial competency on corporate environmental responsibility: Evidence from the US. Journal of Cleaner Production, 304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.127065

Tsendsuren, C., Yadav, P. L., Kim, S., & Han, S. H. (2021). The effects of managerial compet ency and l ocal r el igiosit y on corporate environmental responsibility. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(11). https:// doi.org/10.3390/su13115857

UNDP. (2008). Competency Framework DRAFT FINAL REPORT.

United Nation. (2018). Competencies Future for the Future.

Uoshima, K., Akiba, N., & Nagasawa, M. (2021). Technical skill training and assessment in dental education. In Japanese Dental Science Review, 57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdsr.2021.08.004

Van Hoogen, W., & Tackney, C. T. (2022). Enabling and Managing Authentic Experiences: The High-Class Escort Sector in the Netherlands. Academy of Manag ement Proceedings ,2022(1). https://doi.org/10.5465/ ambpp.2022.10899abstract

Van Vo, B., Sunantiwat, M., Pumtong, S., Vo, T. Q., & Anuratpanich, L. (2020). Perceptions of managerial competency among pharmacy department heads in Vietnamese hospitals. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.5530/srp.2020.2.62

Veliu, L., & Manxhari, M. (2017). The impact of managerial competencies on business performance: SME's in Kosovo. Social Sciences Vadyba Journal of Management, 30(1).

Webb, M. S. (2021). Educational practices that prepare career and technical education students with industry-ready skills. In Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 82(8-A).

Zhang, L., Zou, J., Ge, Q., & Song, S. (2023). A bibliometric analysis of the psychologization of h uman r es our ce management . International Journal of Human Resource Management, 34(3). https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2022.2148552

Zheng, X., Diaz, I., Zheng, X., & Tang, N. (2017). From deep-level similarity to taking charge: The moderating role of face consciousness and managerial competency of inclusion. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 38(1). https://doi.org/10.1108/ LODJ-06-2015-0134

Zhou, Q., & Zheng, X. (2023). Socially responsible human resource management and employee green behavior at work: the role of learning goal orientation and moral identity. International Journal of Human Resource Management. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2023.2192358

Zin, L. M., Ahmad, U., & Ibrahim, H. (2019). An exploration of managerial competency in a public university: A qualitative finding of training needs assessment. Test Engineering and Management, 81(11–12).

Indeks Pembangunan Manusia 2021-2022. Retrieved June 4, 2023, from https://www.bps.go.id/indicator/26/413/1/-metode- baru-indeks-pembangunan-manusia.html

The Regulations Of The Head Of The State Personnel Agency (Number: 7, Year 2017, Date Of Issue: 11 February 2017)