Post Decentralization Corruption: A study on perpetual corruption at the local level in West Lombok

Main Article Content

Iwan Tanjung Sutarna Subando Agus Margono Agus Heruanto Hadna


The current article aims to explore corruption at the local level. There are two main discourses that set the background for this study. First, corruption is considered a result of decentralization, which opened up the local political structure. Second, corruption happened as a result of a societal shift along the prismatic continuum. These two main discourses serve as the theoretical background in research to find the meanings behind the reality of perpetual corruption occurring at the local level. The research employed the theory of decentralization and a prismatic society approach as analytical tools along with a phenomenological approach. The study found linkages in decentralization as a new reason for the growth and development of corruption at the local level on account of the prismatic structure empowering elite rulers to replicate corrupt practices.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
TANJUNG SUTARNA, Iwan; AGUS MARGONO, Subando; HERUANTO HADNA, Agus. Post Decentralization Corruption: A study on perpetual corruption at the local level in West Lombok. Policy & Governance Review, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 3, p. 274-289, aug. 2021. ISSN 2580-4820. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2021. doi:


Antlov, H. (2003). Civic Engagement in Local Government Renewal in Indonesia. In International Review of Education. https:// uploads/Civic-Engagement-in-Local- Government-Renewal-in-Indonesia-NL30. pdf.

Anwar, M. S. (2016). DINAMIKA PERAN POLITIK TUAN GURU DI LOMBOK ERA REFORMASI. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

Aspinall, E. (2010). The irony of success. Journal of Democracy, 21 (2), 20–34. https://doi. org/10.1353/jod.0.0157

Asthana, A. N. (2012). Decentralisation and supply efficiency: Evidence from a natural experiment. Public Administration and Development, 32.

Atkinson, J. D. (2017). Chapter Title : Qualitative Methods Book Title : Journey into Social Activism Book Subtitle : Qualitative Approaches This chapter explores : Journey into Social Activism, 27–64.

Bardhan, P. (2002). Decentralization of governance and development. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16(4), 185–205.

Buehler, M. (2010). Decentralisation and local democracy in Indonesia: The marginalisation of the public sphere. Problems of Democratisation in Indonesia: Elections, Institutions and Society, January 2010, 267–285.

Butt, S. ( 2011 ) . Anti-corruption reform in indonesia: an obituary? Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 47(3), 381–394.

Bytyci, S. (2016). Public Institutions in Transforming Societies. University Of New York.

Chapman, R. A. (1966). Prismatic Theory in Public Administration: A Review of the Theories of Fred W. Riggs. Public Administration, 44(4), 415–434. https://doi. org/10.1111/j.1467-9299.1966.tb01598.x

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. In Sage Publications (second). Sage Publications.

Diamond, L. (2002). Thinking about hybrid regimes. Journal of Democracy, 13(2), 21–35.

Djani, L. D. (2013). Reform Movements and Local Politics in Indonesia. Murdoch University.

Fan, C. S., Lin, C., & Treisman, D. (2009). Political decentralization and corruption: Evidence from around the world. Journal of Public Economics, 93(1–2), 14–34. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jpubeco.2008.09.001

Fath Zakaria. (1998). Mozaik Budaya Orang Mataram (First). Yayasan Sumurmas Al Hamidy.

Fisman, R., & Gatti, R. (2002). Decentralization and corruption: Evidence from U.S. federal transfer programs. Public Choice, 113(1–2), 25–35. https://doi. org/10.1023/A:1020311511787

Fjeldstad, O. H. (2004). Decentralisation and corruption: A review of the literature. In Working Paper - Chr. Michelsen Institute (Issue 10). Chr. Michelsen Institute Development Studies and Human Rights.

Gayatri, Irene, H., Satriani, S., & Cahyono, H. (2009). Dinamika peran elite lokal di pedesaan pasca Orde Baru: studi kasus pergeseran peran toan guru di Lombok Timur. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Pusat Penelitian Politik.

Goel, R. K., & Nelson, M. A. (2011). Government fragmentation versus fiscal decentralization and corruption. Public Choice, 148(3– 4), 471–490. s11127-010-9666-x

Grindle, M. S. (2009). Going Local Decentralization, Democratization, and the Promise of Good Governance. In Princeton University Press. Princeton University Press, 41 William Street.

Hadiz, V. R. (2004). Decentralization and democracy in Indonesia: A critique of neo- institutionalist perspectives. Development and Change, 35(4), 697–718.

Hadiz, V. R. (2010). Localising Power in Post- Authoritarian Indonesia A Southeast Asia Perspective (first). Stanford University Press.

Harber, C. (1993). Prismatic Society Revisited: Theory and educational administration in developing countries. Oxford Review of Education, 19(4), 485–497. https://doi. org/10.1080/0305498930190405

Hira, A. (2016). Broken Windows: Why Culture Matters in Corruption Reform. Journal of Developing Societies, 32(1), 1–16. https://

Holzhacker, Ronald L., Wittek, R., & Woltjer, J. (2016). Development and governance. Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia, 1–292. Vol. 2. Springer. https://

Huntington, S. P. (1973). Political order in changing societies. In Political Order in Changing Societies. Yale University

Ian Chalmers, & Budi Setiyono. (2012). The Struggle against Corruption during the Democratic Transition: Theorising the Emergent Role of CSOs. Development and Society, 41(1), 77–102.

Ikeanyibe, O. M. (2017). Bureaucratization and administrative development in Africa: A reading of Riggs’ theory of prismatic society. Public Administration and Development, 37(5), 307–318. pad.1816

J. Kingsley, J. (2012). Village Elections, Violence and Islamic Leadership in Lombok, Eastern Indonesia. Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 27(2), 285-309. https://

Juwono, V. (2016). Berantas korupsi: A political history of governance reform and anti- corruption initiatives in Indonesia. The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)].

Karlström, K. (2015). Decentralization, Corruption and the Role of Democracy. Working Paper Series 2015:4, QOG. University of Gothenburg.

Kingsley, J. J. (2012). Peacemakers or peace- breakers? Provincial elections and religious leadership in Lombok, Indonesia. Indonesia, 2012(93), 53–82. indonesia.93.0053

Kirana, G. (2014). Decentralization Dilemma in Indonesia: Does Decentralization breed Corruption? Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection. Paper 1984. collection/1984

Laxmikanth, M. (2011). Public Administration (1st ed.). McGraw Hill.

Liddle, R. W. (2013). Improving the Quality of Democracy in Indonesia: Toward a Theory of Action. Indonesia, 96(1), 59–80. https://

Macdougall, J. M. (2007). Criminality and the political economy of security in Lombok. In H. S. Nordholt & G. Van Klinken (Eds.), Renegotiating Boundaries

Macmillan, J. (2011). Reformasi and Public Corruption : Why Indonesia ’ S Anti- Corruption Agency Strategy Should Be Reformed To Effectively Combat Public Corruption. Emory International Law Review, 25(1), 587–630.

Magenda, B. D. (2005). Dinamika Peranan Politik Keturunan Arab di Tingkat Lokal. Antropologi Indonesia, 29(2), 182–197.

Manor, J. (2011). Perspectives on decentralization. International Centre for Local Democracy (ICLD) Working Paper, 3

Margono, S. A. (1998). Birokrasi, Demokrasi dan Reformasi: Sudut Pandang Administrasi Negara. JSP, 2(2). jsp/article/view/11154/8394

McGuire, J. M. (2010). Decentralization for Satisfying Basic Needs: An Economic Guide for Policymakers (Revised Second Edition) (Second). Information Age Publishing.

Mietzner, M. (2014). Indonesia’s decentralization: The rise of local identities and the survival of the nation-state. In H. Hill (Ed.), Regional Dynamics in a Decentralized Indonesia (fires). ISEAS Publishing.

Miles Matthew dan Huberman. (2014). Analisis data kualitatif. Buku sumber tentang metode-metode baru. UI-Press. Jakarta.

Moran, J. (2001). Democratic transitions and forms of corruption. Crime, Law and Social Change, 36(4), 379–393. https://doi. org/10.1023/A:1012072301648

Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2006). Corruption: Diagnosis and treatment. Journal of Democracy, 17(3), 86–99. jod.2006.0050

Oktara, A. (2015). Politik Tuan Guru di Nusa Tenggara Barat. GOVERNMENT : Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, 8(2), 73–82. http://journal. article/view/105/0

Priyono, B. H. (2016). Anthony Giddens Suatu Pengantar (kedua). Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Priyono, B. H. (2018). Korupsi, Melacak Arti, Menyimak Implikasi. Gramedia Pustaka.

Prud’homme, R. ( 1995 ) . The Danger of Decentralisation. The World Bank Observer, 10(2), 201–220.

Putrawan, A. D. (2013). SISTEM BIROKRASI DAN KEKUASAAN MASYARAKAT SUKU SASAK. IN RIGHT Jurnal Agama Dan Hak Azasi Manusia, 2(2).

Riggs, F. W. (1964). Administration in Developing Countries, the theory of prismatic society. HoightonMifflin Company.

Riggs, F. W. (2015). The Prismatic Model: Conceptualizing Transitional Societies. Comparative Public Administration, 34(1), 17–60. org/10.1016/S0732-1317(06)15002-2

Rinaldi, T., Purnomo, M., & Damayanti, D. (2007). Fighting Corruption in Decentralized. Case Sudies on Handling Local Governement Corruption. https://documents.worldbank. org/pt/publication/documents-reports/ documentdetail/593731468040748249/ memerangi-korupsi-di-indonesia-yang- terdesentralisasi-studi-kasus-penanganan- korupsi-pemerintahan-daerah

Rondinelli, D. (1999). What Is Decentralization. In J. Litvack & J. Seddon (Eds.), Decentralization Briefing Notes.

Rondinelli, D. A. (1981). Government Decentralization in Comparative Perspective: Theory and Practice in Developing Countries. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 47(2), 133–145. https://doi. org/10.1177/002085238004700205

Saha, S., Gounder, R., Campbell, N., & Su, J. J. (2014). Democracy and corruption: A complex relationship. Crime, Law and Social Change, 61(3), 287–308. s10611-013-9506-2

Schulte Nordholt, H. G. C., & van Klinken, G. (2007). Introduction. In Renegotiating Boundaries. Local Politics in Post-Soeharto Indonesia. KITLV Press.

Shabbir Cheema, G., & Rondinelli, D. A. (2007). From Government Decentralization to Decentralized Governance, in Decentralizing Governance: Emerging Concept and Practice. Brookings Institution Press.

Shah, A. (2006). Corruption and Decentralized Public Governance. Policy Research Working Paper Series, 3824.

Silitonga, M. S., Anthonio, G., Heyse, L., & Wittek, R. (2016). Institutional Change and Corruption of Public Leaders: A Social Capital Perspective on Indonesia. In R.L. Holzhacker, R. Wittek, & J. Woltjer (Eds.), Decentralization and Governance in Indonesia. Springer International Publishing.

Slijepčević, S., Rajh, E., & Budak, J. (2020). Determinants of corruption pressures on local government in the E.U. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istrazivanja , 33(1), 3492–3508.

Soelaiman, M. M. (1998). Dinamika Masyarakat Transisi mencari alternatif teori sosiologi dan arah perubahan. Pustaka Pelajar.

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (2013). Dasar-dasar Penelitian Kualitatif [Tatalangkah dan Teknik-teknik Teoritisasi Data]. Pustaka Pelajar.

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&B. Alfabeta.

Telle, K. (2009). Spirited places and ritual dynamics among Sasak Muslims on Lombok. Anthropological Forum: A Journal of Social Anthropology and Comparative Sociology, 19(3), 289–306. https://doi. org/10.1080/00664670903278411

Tornquist, O. (2005). Indonesia’s Democratisation. In J. Haynes (Ed.), Democracy and Political Change in the “Third World.” Routledge Taylor and Francis.

Tyson, A. (2013). VIGILANTISM AND VIOLENCE IN DECENTRALIZED INDONESIA: The Case of Lombok. Critical Asian Studies, 45(2), 201–230.

Umam, A. K. (2014). Paradoks Demokratisasi dan Liberalisasi Pasar terhadap Gerakan Anti- Korupsi di Negara Berkembang. Indonesia Journal of International Studies, 1(1).

Widmalm, S. (2008). Decentralisation, Corruption and Social Capital From India to The West. Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd.

Winters, J. a. (2013). Oligarchy and democracy in indonesia. In Indonesia, No. 96, Special Issue: Wealth, Power, and Contemporary Indonesian Politics. Southeast Asia Program Publication at Cornell University.

World Bank. (2013). Decentralization. World Bank. communitydrivendevelopment/brief/ Decentralization

Zwart, F. de. (2010). Corruption and Anti- Corruption in Prismatic Societies. The Good Cause (G. de Graaf, P. von Maravic, & P. Wagenar (Eds). Verlag Barbara Budrich.