Main Article Content
Ecotourism globally has become an alternative to mass tourism to minimize environmental impacts, and at the same time, it is also useful to improve the living standards of local communities. The Central Kalimantan government also underpin ecotourism activities as a tourism focus and written it on its regional regulations. This study is a literature study to analyse RIPPARPROV (Rencana Induk Pengembangan Pariwisata Provinsi/Provincial Tourism Development Master Plan) of Central Kalimantan 2013-2028 with a conceptual approach from Hall and Jenkins by looking at how clearly the desired policy issues are set forth in regulations. The method of analysis uses qualitative-comparative methods, by exploring the main themes of the global concept of ecotourism (which are ecotourism definition, ecology, education, responsibility, awareness of conservation and economy of local communities) in the RIPPARPROV of Central Kalimantan 2013-2028. The results of the analysis show that the Central Kalimantan Provincial Government is still premature in an effort to develop ecotourism in its territory. This is indicated by the lack of explanation about ecotourism specifically the absence of a policy on tourist education, awareness and conservation participation by tourists. There is only a policy of improving the local economy which is very prominent in Central Kalimantan’s RIPPARPROV.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Boyd, S. W., & Butler, R. W. (1996). Managing ecotourism: An opportunity spectrum approach. Tourism Management, 17(8), 557-566. doi: 10.1016/s0261-5177(96)00076-3
BPS. (2018). Kunjungan wisatawan mancanegara berdasarkan tahun. Jakarta: BPS.
Oladi, J., & Bozorgnia, D. (2010). Evaluating the ecotourism potentials of Naharkhoran area in Gorgan using remote sensing and geographic information system. Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications. doi:10.1117/12.860095
Cengiz, T., & Çaliskan, E. (2009). Ecological approach in sustainable tourism: Savsat district example. Sci. Res. Essay, 4(5), 509-520.
Cochrane, J. (2009). New directions in Indonesian ecotourism. Tourism in Southeast Asia: Challenges and New Directions, 254-269.
Crawford, J., Mulvey, M, Quinn, S. (2012). Ecotourism handbook for Ireland. Dublin: Failte Ireland.
CREST. (2010). Responsible Travel: Global Trends & Statistics. Stanford University & Washington, DC.
Dalem, A. A. G. R. (2002). Ecotourism in Indonesia: Linking Green Productivity to Ecotourism: Experiences in the Asia-Pacific Region. Tokyo: Asian Productivity Organization.
Del Chiappa, G., & Lorenzo-Romero, C. (2014). Environmental issues to profile the consumers’ attitude: a latent segmentation approach. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 13(10), 2449-2457.
Decree of the Minister of Tourism, Post and Telecommunications No. 5 of 1989 concerning Guidelines for Organizing Enchantment of Sapta Pesona. Jakarta: Departemen Pariwisata, Pos, dan Telekomunikasi.
Dror, Y. (2017). Public policy making reexamined. Routledge.
Dunn, W., N. (2015). Public policy analysis. Routledge.
Erwiantono, E., Susilo, H., Aditya, A., Saleha, Q., & Budiayu, A. (2017). Analisis kebijakan untuk pengembangan ekowisata berkelanjutan di kawasan perairan Labuan Cermin–Kabupaten Berau, Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Kebijakan Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan, 6(1), 47-63.
Fennell, D. A., & Weaver, D. B. (1997). Vacation farms and ecotourism in Saskatchewan, Canada. Journal of Rural Studies, 13(4), 467-475.
Hall, C. M., & Jenkins, J. M. (2003). Tourism and public policy. Cengage Learning EMEA.
Harahap, S. A., & Baiquni, M. (2015). Kebijakan Pengelolaan Ekowisata Taman Nasional Terkait Otonomi Daerah Taman Nasional Komodo Di Kabupaten Manggarai Barat (unpublished dissertation). Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.
Hoag, H. (2007, June 23). Green to go. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved November 1, 2018, from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/green-to-go/article4095237/?page=all
Hwang, K., & Lee, J. (2018). Antecedents and consequences of ecotourism behavior: independent and interdependent self-construals, ecological belief, willingness to pay for ecotourism services and satisfaction with life. Sustainability, 10(3), 789.
Ianniello, J. (2013). Ecotourism Remains a Dream for Too Many. Roy Morgan Research.
Islam, M. U. (2013). Prospective of ecotourism in Poonch District. International Journal of Physical and Social Sciences, 3(12), 541.
Jamal, T., Borges, M., & Stronza, A. (2006). The institutionalisation of ecotourism: Certification, cultural equity and praxis. Journal of Ecotourism, 5(3), 145-175.
Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 33 of 2009 concerning Guidelines Development of Ecotourism in the Region. Jakarta: Minister of Home Affairs.
McLaughlin, J.M. (2011). Ecotourism Assessment: Applying the Principles of Ecotourism to Paddle-Based Recreation in St. Lawrence Islands National Park and Environs (unpublished thesis). Kingston: Queen’s University.
Nirwandar, S. (2015). Ecotourism in Indonesia. Jakarta: Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy.
Obenaus, S. (2005). Ecotourism – sustainable tourism in national parks and protected areas: A case study of Banff National Park in Canada and National Park Gesäuse in Austria – a comparison (unpublished dissertation). Austria: University of Vienna.
Ogato, G. S., Abdise, F., Gammie, T., & Abebe, W. (2014). Promoting rural local development: The case of Wonchi ecotourism society, West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia. Prime Journal of Social Science, 3(4), 662-673.
Paulus, A. (2009). Impacts of Ecotourism on the Behaviour of Sulawesi Crested Black Macaques (Macaca nigra) and Spectral Tarsiers (Tarsius spectrum) in the Tangkoko-Batuangus Nature Reserve, North Sulawesi, Indonesia (unpublished dissertation & thesis). Plymouth: The University of Plymouth.
Central Kalimantan Regional Regulation No. 2 of 2013 concerning RIPPARPROV Central Kalimantan 2013-2028. Palangka Raya: Pemerintah Daerah Kalimantan Tengah.
Government Regulation No. 50 of 2011 concerning the Master Plan for National Tourism Development in 2010-2025. Jakarta: Pemerintah RI.
Perera, P., & Vlosky, R. (2013). How Previous Visits Shape Trip Quality, Perceived Value, Satisfaction, and Future Behavioral Intentions: The Case of Forest-Based Ecotourism in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Sports Management, Recreation & Tourism, 11, 1-24. doi:10.5199/ijsmart-1791-874x-11a
Pratt, L., Rivera, L., Bien, A., & Bertrand, N. (2011). Tourism: Investing in energy and resource efficiency. Spain: UNWTO.
Ramchurjee, N, A., & Suresha, S. (2013). Ecotourism in Bagalkot District, Karnataka, India: An assessment of the inhabitants’ awareness level and attitudes. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3(6), 2278-2290.
Rhama, B. (2017). The implications of the values and behaviors of actors for ecotourism policy: A case study of Sebangau National Park, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia (unpublished dissertation). Lancashire: University of Central Lancashire.
Ross, S., & Wall, G. (1999). Ecotourism: towards congruence between theory and practice. Tourism Management, 20, 123-132.
Ross, S., & Wall, G. (1999a). Evaluating ecotourism: the case of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Tourism Management, 20(6), 673-68.
Ross, S., & Wall, G. (2001.). Ecotourism: A theoretical framework and an Indonesian application. Tourism,
Recreation, and Sustainability: Linking Culture and the Environment, 271-288. doi:10.1079/9780851995052.0271
Scheyvens, R. (1999). Ecotourism and the empowerment of local communities. Tourism Management, 20(2), 245-249.
Serra, G. (2007). Ecotourism in the Palmyra Desert, Syria: A Feasibility Study. BirdLife International.
Sharpley, R. (2006). Ecotourism: A consumption perspective. Journal of Ecotourism, 5(1-2), 7-22.
Sharpley, R. (2009). Tourism development and the environment: Beyond sustainability? London: Earthscan.
Shum, K. (2007). Trends in ecotourism. Retrieved November 1, 2018, from http://www.lohas.com/green-travel
STCRC. (2009). Wildlife tourism: Challenges, opportunities and managing the future. Australia: Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centre.
Theobald, W. F. (2012). Global tourism. Routledge.
TIES. (2006). Global ecotourism fact sheet. Washington.
Tjiptoherijanto, P. (2012). Civil Service Reform in Indonesia: Culture and Institution Issues. Depok: Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Indonesia.
Var, M., Yalcinap, E., Pulatkan, M. (2010). A potential offer-demand problem in ecotourism: Different perspectives from eco-tourists and indigenous people. Scientific Research and Essays 5(17), 2517-252.
Wall, G. (1997). Is ecotourism sustainable? Environmental Management, 21(4), 483-491.