Decentralization in Educational Disparity of the Southeast Sulawesi Province

Main Article Content

Obed Bida

Abstract

Educational disparity is a public issue that continues to be an endless subject matter of discourse due to the highly centralistic process of education policy in the government bureaucracy. This research aims to understand the pattern of educational disparity occurring in the islands of Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The role of political actors in the success of education policy is a vital element in the policy process, and this is apparent in the significance of the political aspect in the education policy process, which emphasizes more on political approaches rather than actual social, economic, and geographical conditions. This study was conducted using the descriptive qualitative approach with data collection techniques that included observations, in-depth interviews, and document analysis in Buton and South Buton Regencies. Study results indicate that the education policy pattern developing in island regions is inclined to using the spatial approach with a central area priority scale, and the structural elite approach, which is political lobbying employed by structural elites (school principals) targeting education bureaucracy in the region. The education policy pattern developing in the region actually has an impact on educational disparity in the public, both at the district and regency levels. In general, the education decentralization policy has yet to run optimally on account of educational resources in the region being distributed by using the spatial and structural elite approaches which have, consequently, created a pathological behavior in the education bureaucracy that is chockfull of vested interests.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
BIDA, Obed. Decentralization in Educational Disparity of the Southeast Sulawesi Province. Policy & Governance Review, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 3, p. 175-190, feb. 2019. ISSN 2580-4820. Available at: <http://journal.iapa.or.id/pgr/article/view/109>. Date accessed: 20 may 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.30589/pgr.v2i3.109.
Section
Articles

References

Badruzaman, Abad. 2009. Dari Teologi Menuju Aksi (Membela yang Lemah, Menggempur Kesenjangan). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bardhan, P. & Mokherjee, D. 2005. Capture and Governance at Local and National Levels, American Economic Review, Vol. 90, No. 2, pp. 135-139.

Bremen, Jan. 1997. Menjinakkan Sang Kuli, Politik Kolonial pada Awal Abad Ke-20, Jakarta: Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

Budge, I. & H. Keman. 1990. Parties and Democracy: Coalition Formation and Government Functioning in Twenty State, London: Oxford University Press.

Dorius, Shawn F. 2013. The Rise and Fall of Worldwide Education Inequality from 1870 to 2010: Measurement and Trends, Sociology of Education, Vol. 86, No. 2 (April, 2013), pp. 158-173. Diakses melalui http://www.jstor.org/stable/43186768.

Drost, J.I.G.M. 1998. Sekolah: Mengajar Atau Mendidik, Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Fiske, Edward B. 1996. Decentralization of Education: Politics and Consensus. Washington: World Bank.

Lewis, Theodore. 2007. Social Inequality in Education: A Constraint on an American High-Skills Future, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Dec., 2007), pp. 329-349. Diakses melalui http://www.jstor.org/stable/30053159.

Malley, M. S. 2003. New Rules, Old Structures and the Limits of Democratic Decentralisation, in Local Power and Politics in Indonesia: Decentralisation and Democratisation, eds E. Aspinall & G. Fealy, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, pp. 102-116.

Montt, Guillermo. 2011. Cross-national Differences in Educational Achievement Inequality, American Sociological Association, Vol. 84, No. 1 (January, 2011), pp. 49-68. Diakses melalui http://www.jstor.org/stable/23057035.

Morgan, Michael., Rein, Marti & Goodin, Robert E. 2015. Handbook Kebijakan Publik. Bandung: Penerbit, Nusa Media.

Nelson, Jack L., Keneth Carlson & Stauart Palonsky. 1996. Critical Issues in Education, A Dialectic Approach, United State: McGraw-Hill Companiers.

Nguyen, Mai. 2011. Closing the Education Gap: A Case for Aboriginal Early Childhood Education in Canada, ALook at the Aboriginal Headstart Program. Canadian Journal of Education/Revue canadienne de l'éducation, Vol. 34, No. 3, pp. 229-248.

Paqueo V. & Lammert. J. 2000. Decentarlization in Education. New York: Education Reform dan Management Thematic Group.

Rondinelli, Denis A & G. Shabbir Cheema. 1988. “Implementing Decentralization Policies an Introduction” dalam Chemma dan Rondinelli, Decentralization and Development:policy Implementation in Developing Countries, California: Sage Publication Inc.

Sach, Jeffrey D. 2005. The End of Poverty, New York: Penguin Press. Sen, A. K. (2000). Development as freedom. New York: Anchor Books.

Sen, A. K. (2000). Development as freedom. New York: Anchor Books.

Tilaar, H. A. R, & Nugroho, R. 2009). Kekuasaan dan pendidikan: Manajemen pendidikan nasional dalam pusaran kekuasaan. Jakarta:PT Rineka Cipta.

Walters, Pamela Barnhouse. 2001. Educational Access and the State: Historical Continuities and Discontinuities in Racial Inequality in American Education, American Sociological Association, Vol. 74, (2001), pp. 35-49. Diakses melalui http://www.jstor.org/stable/2673252.

Wibowo, Udik Budi. 2011. Politik dan Kebijakan Pembaharuan Pendidikan: Mencari Pijakan Operasional Yang Akuntabel, Dinamika Pendidikan No. 2, hlm. 72-86.